Germany`s Agreement To An Armistice In November 1918 Was A Result Of

In fact, the Germans had begun to make openings to a ceasefire in early October. First, they tried to go through THE American President Woodrow Wilson, lest the British and the French insist on difficult conditions. But this final race did not succeed. After Bullitt Lowry`s book, Waffenstillstand 1918, the Germans finally sent a night radio message to Field Marshal Ferdinand Foch, commander-in-chief of the Allied forces, asking for permission to send a delegation across the lines to negotiate a ceasefire, calling for a general ceasefire. Forty-five minutes later, Foch responded. He ignored the request for a ceasefire, but gave the Germans permission to come. A far greater obstacle that contributed to the five-week delay in the signing of the ceasefire and the resulting social deterioration in Europe was the failure of the French, British and Italian governments to accept President Wilson`s „fourteen points” and subsequent promises. For example, they assumed that Wilson`s proposed demilitarization would be limited to the central powers. There were also contradictions with their post-war plans, which did not imply a coherent implementation of the ideal of national self-determination. [9] As Czernin points out: „It was only in May that the Allies were able to agree among themselves on a common position that they could present to the Germans,” he explains. In the agreement signed in June, defeated Germany was forced to accept difficult conditions, including the payment of reparations that eventually reached $37 billion (nearly $492 billion in today`s dollars). This humiliation and the lingering bitterness it provoked helped, two decades later, to pave the way for another world war. Every year, we remember that the guns of the First World War stopped firing on November 11, 1918 at 11 a.m.

We expect that the general relief of the massacre of war will finally be over, at least in the victorious countries. The ceasefire was concluded at 5:10 a.m. on November 11 and was scheduled to take effect at 11 a.m. The message was delivered in one hour across Europe. The initial ceasefire was for a period of 36 days after which it had to be renewed. This happened four times before the signing of the Treaty of Versaille. The only problem is that the war did not end on November 11 at 11 a.m. President Wilson`s last communication was received in Berlin on 6 November 1918. On the same day, the delegation, led by Matthias Erzberger, went to France. [8] On 29 September 1918, the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Army at the Imperial Army headquarters in occupied Belgium, Emperor William II and the Chancellor of the Reich, Count Georg von Hertling, announced that the military situation in Germany was hopeless. Quarterback General Erich Ludendorff, who was no doubt fearing a breakthrough, said he could not guarantee that the front would last another two hours and called on the Agreement to call for an immediate ceasefire.